Dog food ingredients vary somewhat depending on the type of pet food. The basic difference between canned and dry pet foods is the amount of moisture. Canned food contains between 70 and 80% moisture, since these are generally made from fresh meat products, while dry pet food contains no more than 10%. Additional dog food ingredients used for dry foods include corn gluten feed, meat and bone meal, animal fats, and oils. For a meat-like texture, dry foods require more amylaceous, or starch ingredients.
In general, we often buy for the dog in daily life refers to dry-type puffed dog food, which is also a commodity dog food. This kind of dog food ingredients that is made by a lot of nutrient raw materials mixing and then being extruded, and then drying, dehydrated, flavored, etc.,The moisture is less than 12%. Dry type dog food can storage for a long life, easy to digest and absorb,convenient feeding, affordable. It’s getting more and more popular in the dog food market.
Normally for the dog food making , we have dog food ingredients formulation as follows: the protein should be around 32~38%, fat 8~12%,Crude ash 6%, fiber2.8%, calcium1.0%, phosphorus 0.85% and some other raw materials. it can be adjusted according to your local condition .
What raw materials are in dog food ingredients
Crude protein is usually the primary focus of most animal feeds and is the source of the elements that make up life (i.e. amino acids). Dogs best suited to be fed as carnivores require essential amino acids, not all of which are in the correct balance in a single source of vegetable protein such as soybean meal. Protein is known for providing the amino acids or protein subunits that make up hair, skin, nails, muscles, tendons, ligaments and cartilage. It also plays an important role in hormone production. Common sources of protein in dog food ingredients include meat, poultry, fish and some plant ingredients such as corn gluten and soybean meal.
Common sources of carbohydrates are plants and grains. Carbohydrates are also categorized as starch (sugar) and fiber, which provide energy and bulk, respectively.
Starch consists of various types of sugars, such as glucose or fructose. Through digestion, dogs can easily convert sugar into usable energy.
Fiber may or may not be fermented or broken down into short-chain fatty acids by bacteria in the dog’s intestinal tract. Highly fermentable fiber sources, such as vegetable gums, provide a large amount of short-chain fatty acids. Moderately fermentable fibers, such as beet pulp, provide short-chain fatty acids and a large amount of material for moving waste. Mildly fermentable fibers, such as cellulose, provide primarily volume for moving waste through the GI tract and only a small amount of short-chain fatty acids.
Fats provide important fat subunits, omega-6 and omega-3 fatty acids. Omega-6 fatty acids are essential for the maintenance of the skin and coat and for normal membrane structure. Omega-3 fatty acids have been shown to be important for blood clotting and reducing inflammation. Animal cell membranes are composed of fats. Fats also help maintain body temperature and control inflammation, among other things. Fat is the primary form of stored energy in the body, providing twice as much energy as carbohydrates or protein. Carbohydrates or proteins are found in meat, poultry, fish and vegetable oils such as flax oil and vegetable oil.
Vitamins are responsible for promoting bone growth, blood clotting, energy production and antioxidant protection.
Vitamins A, D, E and K require fat to be absorbed by the body, while vitamins such as B complex and vitamin C require water to be absorbed by the body.
Minerals provide skeletal support and aid in nerve transmission and muscle contractions.
DOG FOOD TASTE
Dogs can taste things that are bitter, salty, sweet, and sour. If something smells good to a dog, it will likely go down the hatch. After a couple bites, the texture or taste might play a role, too.so the dog food factory usually flavor the dog food into different taste to attract different dogs.