what is hay?
Hay, according to Wikipedia, is the cut and dried grass, alfalfa, legumes or other herbaceous plants in large round bales. It is often used as animal fodder, especially for grazing cattle, horses, goats, sheep, etc.
In fact, hay can be made into pellets by feed pellet machine. It can make hay into unique shape pellets with mixture of other ingredients to make animals nutritionally balanced.
Why do we use hay pellet mill machine to make fuel pellets?
Hay is a kind of common seen biomass in our daily life, and not all people who have hay also raise cattle. As a result, they do not need to make feed pellets. However, most families need fuel for heating their homes in winter or for cooking. In this case, hay pellets play an important role in reducing fuel cost!
How does hay pellet machine making hay pellets for feed?
First of all, ensure you have got abundant materials. Then a feed grinder is needed to get the raw material well prepared for pelletizing (length shorter than 10mm). Then these small particles should be crushed into powder by using a hammer mill (diameter less than 3mm). At last, a dry machine is needed to keep the moisture content of the hay around 15%.
And after all these are done, the material is totally available for the hay pellet maker. Feed the hay into the pellet maker, and the power will be compressed into density pellets. This not the end! The pellets coming out from the pellet maker is very hot (about 85 degrees). You should use a cooler machine to cool the pellets to 35 degrees. After cooling, the pellets need to be packed with a packing machine and then they could be store for a long time.
Hay pellets for fuel
Hay pellets used as fuel have some advantages:
- Hay pellet is a kind of green heating source since it produces 90% less greenhouse gases than fossil fuels like coal, and is 10 times under the EPA emission limit.
- Hay pellets have a surprisingly high energy input-to-output ratio of as high as 20:1, while wood has 10:1, and biodiesel has 5:1.
- One pound of hay pellets will produce nearly 8,000 BTUs, which is almost equal to hardwood, and even close to the heat that coal releases in combustion. Therefore it is quite a fantastic kind of heat source.
- What’s more, hay is cheap to get and quite plentiful than fossil fuels.
Currently, hay pellets making has been a promising business, not only because of the low cost of obtaining raw materials, but also because burning hay pellets for home heating can save amazingly a half of cost.
making hay pellets for feed
Hay pellets made by the hay pellet mill machine contain many necessary ingredients that animal including rabbit and horse need in growth. Pellet shape also avoids nutrition unbalance of fussy animals. In addition, the pellets are easy to store, so that animals can eat nutritious hay pellets all year round.